[MD] Does every thing have a why?

David Harding davidjharding at gmail.com
Sun Dec 9 18:06:13 PST 2012

Hi Dan,

>>> I am delighted to see your reply! Even though my work hasn't let up I
>>> did finally finish my latest book. It's such a great feeling, for
>>> about a day. And then I get right back into writing again.
>> The sign of a born writer…
> I am sure it is a sickness... an affliction…

Nah. I like good writing. :-)

>>>> Excellent articulation.   I have a couple of questions that your writing raised in me that I suppose we will continue to discuss.. But I'll also offer my tentative answers for these questions as well.
>>>> 1. Is Zen social and Motorcycle Maintenance intellectual?
>>>> Yes, they are these things, though in my opinion Zen is better described as a cultural(social + intellectual) religion whose goal is DQ.
>>>> Motorcycle Maintenance is best described as an intellectual activity whose goal ought to be (though as RMP discovered isn't always) DQ.
>>>> 2. Why is there no 'why' for Zen but there is one for Motorcycle Maintenance? Isn't Motorcycle Maintenance a Zen activity after all?
>>> Dan:
>>> It can be, sure. When one's practice ripens to such a point everything
>>> becomes a zen activity. The why of motorcycle maintenance is much the
>>> same as the why in music and in writing and in painting portraits...
>>> we envision an end point and work towards it.
>> How are end points related to why's? You mean to say that we need an end point before we ask why? Why do we even ask why?
> Dan:
> A customer brings a bike into the shop. It won't start. Why? The
> endpoint is the answer to why. Maybe the spark plugs are fouled. Maybe
> the gas in the tank is bad. If that same customer goes out to the
> garage and the bike starts fine there is no why.
> It is the same with writing, at least with me. I envision the ending
> of the story and then I start out writing with that ending in mind.
> Every word, every sentence works towards that ending. Does the ending
> sometimes change? Sure. Just as the diagnosis of the malfunctioning
> bike might change as the work progresses. The ending is Dynamic in
> that fashion. One must always be aware of something better so as not
> to become stuck. But the endpoint is always there, whether it is
> fixing a bike or writing a story or painting a picture or composing a
> song.

Okay then, from this perspective sitting on a cushion is no different.   The goal of sitting is enlightenment.   Just as with all the other things you mention. One must be *aware* during Zazen so as to not become stuck in the static quality goal of 'becoming enlightened'.

>> I think that we don't need an end point before we ask why.  As the title of this post suggests, I think that every thing has a why including Zazen. The reason is that we can always ask - Why does x exist? That's about as fundamental a question as you can ask.  But that's not how all why's come to us.   One of the first things we empirically experience is a certain level of quality.  If the level of quality is low, such as with a broken motorcycle, we will ask, 'why is the motorcycle broken?'.   In other words - we don't need an end point to ask this question!  The point is that we are moving *Away* from the low static quality situation and towards some undefined betterness.  It is this movement away from static quality and towards DQ that can be found as the goal of all things.
> Dan:
> I can see that, sure. I would say though that the stilling of the
> internal discursive voice continually running through one's head has
> no why, no end point. The whys exist within that internal discursive
> voice as it stutters the world into existence. When that voice stops,
> the whys of world stop.

Sure, and so what we can do with that inner voice thanks to the MOQ is designate the stopping of the mind an intellectual symbol - "Dynamic Quality" - and use those words to intellectually represent the stopping of the mind.  Without the words 'Dynamic Quality' the MOQ would be much poorer as a result.   That's why I disagree and say that the voice does have an end point during meditation; an end point which is called Dynamic Quality.

> Now, with such matters as a malfunctioning bike we need that endpoint
> in order to understand the why. I mean, if we are to fix it, of
> course. We can berate the bike, calling it names and kicking it. We
> could just throw up our hands and say the hell with it, park it in the
> garage, and let it rust for the next 30 years. We could bring it to a
> mechanic who will rationally determine the why of the malfunction and
> work towards the endpoint of fixing it.
> Likening this to one's own life, we can see how people mirror these
> activities. They can blame the world for the dilemma they find
> themselves mired in, or their parents, or The Man, or any other entity
> that seemingly has it out for them. Or they can take the initiative to
> understand their own faults and work toward the endpoint of resolving
> those issues. Or they can park themselves in front of a tv, drink a
> case of beer each night, and vegetate their lives away. Or they can
> seek professional help such as therapists and counselors who dedicate
> their lives to sorting out the troubles of others.

Right I see how they are both the same thing..  

But sometimes, for me at least, it will be because the quality of a situation is low and it is a matter of determining what is wrong so that I can get out of that bad situation. We might say that getting out of that bad situation is the goal but there is no real goal that I am following other than following some sorta undefined 'betterness'.  To do this I might question the situation to try and re-adjust my current understanding of the situation to see which of my original assumptions might be wrong.  This makes me think of the Brujo example…

"If you had asked the brujo what ethical principles he was following he probably wouldn't have been able to tell you. He wouldn't have understood what you were talking about. He was just following some vague sense of 'betterness' that he couldn't have defined if he had wanted to."

The Brujo doesn't have a why for what he is doing. He is just following some sort of undefined betterness. We can ascribe whys to what he is doing but doing so would be an after thought and not what is actually driving him.

>>> In motorcycle
>>> maintenance, maybe the bike is misfiring or perhaps an oil leak has
>>> appeared. If there was no need of maintenance, no why, no reason to
>>> fix it, then we wouldn't have to work on the bike. There would be no
>>> value in it.
>> Right, the only reason why we feel the need to fix the bike is because of the quality of the situation.  We can't ignore it.  Value is everything.  We first notice the sudden change in value when the bike breaks and we go, "oh", and then we realise it is a low value situation we are in with a broken bike.  We then have to work out how to get out of this low quality situation..
> Dan:
> Exactly. And remember, the bike we are working on is the self…


>> Right, but we're here talking about things intellectually. So in that case I say the answer to the why of Zen is DQ.  That's the best intellectual answer I can give to that question.
> Dan:
> Not this, not that. So in a very real sense we should not be talking
> about zen at all. I do so with great trepidation…

Well as ZMM is not about Zen, neither is the MOQ.  The MOQ is an intellectual metaphysics which is very much *not* Zen.   The MOQ is degeneracy from a Zen perspective.  But I like metaphysics and philosophy. It is a different quality to Zen sure, but it is good nonetheless.  Do you disagree?

>>>> The question of why can have an intellectual but also a DQ answer.
>>> Dan:
>>> Would that be a non-answer?
>> A DQ answer as I explained above.
> Dan:
> A Dynamic Quality answer is not this, not that. It isn't rational.

An 'actual' Dynamic Quality answer is 'not this, not that' yes.  But even those words are not Dynamic Quality.  So really the words 'Dynamic Quality' are an intellectual designation used in the MOQ to denote what Dynamic Quality is.  This is degeneracy yes, but the person who doesn't ruin the world with fixed metaphysical meanings is a person who doesn't exist and to who no thought has been given.

>>>> All static things including meditation can be questioned.  That is not their goal but they can all be questioned with a 'why?'  Zen does have a why whose answer is DQ. That's what Koans are aren't they?  What about sitting without Koans? Why do we sit? Don't we find the answer to this question by sitting?  In this regard, Zen doesn't ignore the role of the intellect but it's goal is not intellectual. It shows us how to 'overcome' the intellect by putting it to sleep.  The same *can* be true for motorcycle maintenance.   Through mastery of motorcycle maintenance we can put the intellect to sleep as well. In fact that is the mastery of it.  When it goes to sleep we go 'aha' and we have a breakthrough and discover what is actually wrong with the machine.
>>> Dan:
>>> When an artful mechanic acts they do so by thinking to fulfill an
>>> inadequacy in the machine they are fixing. A mystic through non-action
>>> reveals the world without thought. What you seem to be asking is: can
>>> they be one and the same? I would say it is possible but doubtful
>>> while another person might say it is very likely. I suspect we might
>>> both be both right and wrong... probably at the same time.
>> I don't like that answer as it is non-intellectual.  I like philosophy because it attempts, however badly or well it might do so, to capture the impossible and give some intellectual meaning to our existence.
> Dan:
> What if the only meaning to existence is to be free of existence?

That is the viewpoint of Zen. But I am not a Zen Buddhist so I don't fully agree with that.  As I've said and is explained in Lila, we are alive, and being alive we can't help but ruin the ultimately undefined nature of the universe with fixed metaphysical meanings.  Picking up bar ladies and writings metaphysics are a part of life.  So as we're alive and ruining this ultimately undefinable nature of the universe, we might as well get these definitions of ours as good as we can!  One of those definitions is saying that Dynamic Quality exists and the meaning to existence is to both experience Dynamic Quality *and* improve quality of things.

>>>>> dmb:
>>>>>> This is why we can't take those lines about killing the intellectual pattens literally either. Pirsig is not advocating drunken butchery or emtpy-headed nihilism. Obviously. And so the more poetic interpretation makes tons of sense, where this forgetting and killing is about a certain kind of groovy proficiency, while the literal reading cuts against the grain of his thought and leads to really bad conclusions.
>>>>> Dan:
>>>>> Yes, I agree with you here, and this is what I am on about as well. In
>>>>> any rational working of art there is always that intellectual
>>>>> reference point that guides the artist and their actions. Yet at the
>>>>> same time zen monks take the killing of the intellect as a very real
>>>>> and hoped for ideal in their quest for enlightenment. And this is not
>>>>> in any sense empty-headed nihilism, as you say. In obtaining a
>>>>> quieting of the mind the world manifests itself in all its naked
>>>>> glory.
>>>>> The second one begins thinking, however, the pure experience of
>>>>> Quality is covered once again in a veneer of desire. It might even be
>>>>> likened to the stuckness a mechanic might experience when the head of
>>>>> a bolt shears off or the threads become stripped out. Suddenly real
>>>>> thought is needed... a survey of all possible solutions, a reference
>>>>> of the motorcycle manual might even be in order. The truly artful
>>>>> mechanic knows that when all else fails it is better to walk away. The
>>>>> solution will present itself in time.
>>>> Well predictably I disagree here. There is no difference between sitting on a cushion doing Zen meditation and fixing a motorcycle!  To me that is the whole point of ZMM.  Both the Zen Monk and the Motorcycle Mechanic begin what they are doing by thinking.   The aim of what they are doing is to reveal the DQ which is there all along(no thought).  It is through the mastery of what either of them are doing, whether it be sitting on a cushion or thinking through what might be the problem with their motorcycle that the DQ will be revealed.  "What is wrong with the motorcycle?" is nothing other than a Zen Koan of the same variety as "Does Lila have Quality?"
>>> Dan:
>>> I would say knowing what is wrong with the motorcycle is a rational
>>> act while working a zen koan is an irrational act, or non-action, if
>>> you will. Allow me to expand on that a bit...
>>> The artful mechanic has great peace of mind in the skill sets they
>>> have developed over the years. They might reach a point where they can
>>> just listen to a bike, smell the exhaust, see the care an owner has
>>> taken, feel the ride, and know what is amiss. From that point it is
>>> merely a matter of rationally breaking down the bike, fixing the
>>> problem, and reassembling it before testing it once again. If the
>>> problem is solved, if the customer is happy, and one gets paid, the
>>> job is complete.
>>> I tend to believe there is no such rational set of actions one can
>>> follow to solve a zen koan. Rather, as one delves deeper into it, the
>>> answers overwhelm the mind to the point it just shuts down.
>>> So, the overriding concern of an artful mechanic is that they do not
>>> think the problem through properly and misdiagnose the solution while
>>> the overriding concern of the mystic is they think too much and get
>>> lost on the way.
>> But Dan, does the artful mechanic really think rationally the whole time? It's not a rational thing. Nor is looking at a bike and knowing 'rationally' what to look at when something goes wrong with the bike as you show above.  So I think that neither fixing a motorbike nor a zen koan are entirely rational activities.  They are nothing other than two problems of a different variety who both involve the settling of the intellect and sq to reveal the DQ there all along..
> Dan:
> To understand the ways and means of repairing a bike is a rational
> activity. If this were not so, would mediocrity not be perpetuated?
> Remember the shop where the narrator in ZMM took his bike and the loud
> radio and dirty greasy mechanics who butchered his engine? It is very
> difficult to think rationally with loud music distracting one's
> thought processes.
> Now, as I said, there may come a time when one becomes stuck. Every
> solution has been exhausted. The problem has been studied extensively.
> So it is proper to walk away for a bit and forget all about it. Take a
> vacation. Empty out the mind. Do something else. Suddenly the answer
> presents itself unlooked for.

Discovering this answer by the emptying out of the mind… Is this really a rational activity? Is it rationally following the steps of logical induction and deduction to arrive at how to solve the problem.  As you admit, these can be exhausted and still no solution presents itself. This is where it motorcycle maintenance becomes very much an art.  Some can give in and say it's not fixable, or others might start to try and fix something which isn't broken.  But art is more than this.  Art is high quality endeavour. Art is being a good motorcycle mechanic and caring for the machine. Motorcycle maintenance is more than a rational activity.  Rationality will get you only part of the way there. Having 'great peace of mind' before you begin the maintenance is not part of logical rationality but it is necessary to be an artful mechanic.  That's why I say motorcycle maintenance is not *exclusively* a rational activity.

> This too though is a rational activity.
> One has purposely set aside the work until it is time to work again.

I purposely set aside time to sit in meditation.  Is meditation for me now a rational activity? 

> The mystic on the other hand strives to set aside thought. Working a
> koan has nothing to do with rationality. A typical Westerner may think
> that working a koan is the same as thinking about it but that isn't
> so. Even if the practitioner takes on a koan in a rational way it soon
> becomes apparent that there is nothing rational about it. So they
> either give up or give in.

Right. But is that rational activity not a part of the discovering process of the answer for the koan.  As you say, we will rationally try and answer it and try and try, and until we give up(not good), or give in.  But give in to what? To DQ? Isn't that the whole point of the Koan? Koans point you to that place where you cannot rationally solve something.  But in order to understand that you must be rational to begin with.. see?

>>>>> dmb:
>>>>>> I don't want to equate this with enlightenment, exactly, but we can see how at-one-ment and just sitting and just fixing can all be equated or at least related.
>>>>>> "Phædrus felt that at the moment of pure Quality perception, or not even perception, at the moment of pure Quality, there is no subject and there is no object. There is only a sense of Quality that produces a later awareness of subjects and objects. At the moment of pure quality, subject and object are identical. This is the tat tvam asi truth of the Upanishads, but it's also reflected in modern street argot. ``Getting with it,'' ``digging it,'' ``grooving on it'' are all slang reflections of this identity. It is this identity that is the basis of craftsmanship in all the technical arts."  ZAMM 290-1
>>>>> Dan:
>>>>> Yes, a perfect quote here. Phaedrus nails it exactly. We might well
>>>>> interject Dynamic Quality, or pre-intellectual awareness, in place of
>>>>> Quality in keeping with MOQ terms. It is sort of like discovering what
>>>>> one was meant to do... our face before we were born, so to speak. It
>>>>> is when we become so attuned to our work, our art, our life, that we
>>>>> no longer experience a sense of doing. Rather, what is done does
>>>>> itself in a very real way. The self falls away, the sense of time
>>>>> ceases, and even the object of our desires ceases to be a thing
>>>>> separate and apart the way we normally think of it as being. We mov
>>>>> and we act but our movements and actions are no longer ours.

Thanks Dan,


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